Mixtures of conditional Gaussian scale mixtures: the best model for natural images


Modeling the statistics of natural images is a common problem in computer vision and computational neuroscience. In computational neuroscience, natural image models are used as a means to understand the input to the visual system as well as the visual system’s internal representations of the visual input.Here we present a new probabilistic model for images of arbitrary size. Our model is a directed graphical model based on mixtures of Gaussian scale mixtures. Gaussian scale mixtures have been repeatedly shown to be suitable building blocks for capturing the statistics of natural images, but have not been applied in a directed modeling context. Perhaps surprisingly—given the much larger popularity of the undirected Markov random field approach—our directed model yields unprecedented performance when applied to natural images while also being easier to train, sample and evaluate.